Biology

Biology is the branch of science that primarily deals with the structure, function, growth, evolution, and distribution of organisms. It’s a methodological study of life and living things.

Biology is the scientific study of life. It spans multiple levels, from biomolecules and cells to organisms and populations12. All living things share common biological phenomena, such as reproduction, cell division, and the transmission of genetic material.

Extraction of plant materials by solvent extraction method

Extraction of plant materials by solvent extraction method

Extraction of plant materials is the process of isolating and recovering desired chemicals or substances from plant matter. Solvents, supercritical fluids, or other technologies are used to dissolve and extract bioactive substances from various sections of plants, including leaves, roots, stems, bark, seeds, and flowers. The extracted compounds may contain phytochemicals, essential oils, pigments, tastes, […]

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Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology and Determinative Bacteriology

Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology and Determinative Bacteriology

Systematic Bacteriology and Determinative Bacteriology are both authoritative references in the field of microbiology, each serving distinct purposes. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology provides comprehensive and detailed descriptions of bacterial taxonomy and phylogeny, offering in-depth information on the classification, genetic relationships, and characteristics of bacteria. It is used primarily by researchers and professionals for identifying

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Buffer and Extraction Buffer

Buffer and Extraction Buffer- Definition, Components, Significance

Buffer and Extraction Buffer are the solution that helps maintain a stable pH level, especially during experiments involving chemical reaction. A buffer is a solution that can withstand pH shifts when modest amounts of an acid or base are introduced. This feature is critical for maintaining a stable environment in a variety of chemical and

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Butyrate Disk Test- Principle, Procedure, Results, Uses, Limitations

Butyrate Disk Test- Principle, Procedure, Results, Uses, Limitations

What is Butyrate Disk Test ? The Butyrate Disc Test is intended to identify Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis by assuming its presence in bacterial colonies isolated on culture media by looking for butyrate esterase. A butyrate disc test is a lab test that evaluates the gut’s butyrate-producing bacteria’s efficacy. Principle A qualitative approach called the Butyrate

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Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) Agar- Composition, Principle, Preparation, Results, Uses

Brain Heart Infusion (BHI)Agar- Composition, Principle, Preparation, Results, Uses

Brain Heart Infusion Agar(BHI) is a nutrient-dense medium used in microbiology to cultivate a wide range of fastidious and non-fastidious microorganisms such as bacteria, yeasts, and molds. What is Brain Heart Infusion Agar? Brain-Heart Infusion(BHI) Agar is a nutrient-rich medium commonly used in microbiology to produce a wide variety of fastidious and non-fastidious microorganisms, such

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Binary Fission: Steps, Types, Examples (vs. Mitosis)

Binary Fission: Steps, Types, Examples (vs. Mitosis)

Binary Fission Certain protists and bacteria that are single-celled creatures use asexual reproduction called binary fission. One parent cell divides into two identical daughter cells; it is a simple process. Single-celled organisms such as bacteria and certain protists use an asexual reproduction mechanism called B. fission. The division of a single parent cell into two identical daughter cells is a straightforward procedure. Steps of B. Fission DNA Replication The genetic material is duplicated twice, exactly by the circular DNA molecule. Cell Division As new components for the cell wall and plasma membrane are created, the cell grows. DNA Division The two DNA molecules adhere to the cell membrane in distinct places.

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Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) Agar- Composition, Principle, Preparation, Results, Uses

Blood(BLD)-Components, Formation, Functions, Circulation

Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that circulates through the cardiovascular system, consisting of the heart and BLD vessels. It plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis, delivering essential substances to cells, and removing metabolic waste products. It is a specialized biological fluid that circulates throughout the cardiovascular system, which includes the heart and BLD

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